314-326

Basilica of Sts. Peter and Marcellinus   Mausoleum of Helena     Rome

1


16013001   PSAoCRI IQ03 IQ09 IQ11 IQ12 IQ13 IQ15 IQ18 IQ19 IQ25   2392i127

16012601   PSAoCRI plans IQgrid   2392i117

15062106   Maxentius/Constantine architecture plans   3400gi01

15031701   Mausoleum of Constantine/Basilica of St. Agnes plans in situ PSAoCRI   206bi20

14121212   1100x550 plan   206ji00

14062202   psa/cri composite plans in situ plus via Appia raw Basilica of Maxentius/Constantine and Basilica Sessorianum moved to align with the Canina map   206ei12
14062201   psa/cri in situ plus via Appia (Canina map attached) with via Appia adjusted to angle and scale of Mausoleum of Romulus/Circus of Maxentius   206ei11

14020101   PSAoCRI composite plans   206ei07

13101901   plan   206ji01

13101702   Pantheon, Circus and Tomb of Hadrian Mausoleum of Romulus Circus of Maxentius, Basilica of Sts. Peter and Marcellius Basilica of St. Agnes Mausoleum of Constantina plans   206ei06



in historical context   314 326
circus/basilica   5032

2003.08.30
Re: FW Evolutionary theory and architecture
Aside from strictly religious (temple and church) architecture, the case can be made that classical Roman architecture, in general, reached its climax during the reign of Maxentius, and ended 28 October 312, when Maxentius lost his life in battle with Constantine at the Milvian Bridge--Maxentius became (usurpative) emperor of Italy and North Africa 28 October 306, and Constantine attributes his Christian conversion to events that occurred the eve of 28 October 312. The architecture built in Rome under Maxentius is of the utmost refinement, e.g., the Circus of Maxentius manifests the most precisely designed of all Roman circuses. [Incidentally, the Circus of Maxentius plays a key role in the manifestation of two Ichnographia Campus Martius.] Records indicate that it may have been only a month after Constantine's triumph at the Milvian Bridge that the first Christian Basilica in Rome, first named after Constantine and today St. John Lateran, began construction. The architecture of Rome executed under Constantine (312-330) further includes (at least), St. Peter's at the Vatican, separate Basilicas of St. Lawrence, Agnes, and Peter et Marcellinus, Santa Croce in Gerusalemme (which is all that remains today of Elegabalus' Sessorian Palace, where Helena took up subsequent residence in Rome), the Arch of Constantine (which reused pieces of the Arch of Trajan), the Baths of Constantine, the Baths of Helena, and the Mausoleum of Helena (whose ruins exhibit construction very similar to the ruins of the great Constantinian Bath of Treves (Trier, 306-312), which were the largest Roman Baths outside Rome).

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