Encyclopedia Ichnographica     2500


Adam, Robert and James     2501 2501a

aedes : a building for habitation : a dwelling of the gods, a sanctuary, a temple, a simple edifice, without division into smaller apartments, while templum is a large and splendid structure, consecrated by the augurs, and belonging to one or more dieties; but after the Augustan period aedes was used for temple
Aedes Aesculapij     2502
Aedes Apollin.     2503
Aedes Fauni     2504
Aedes Fortuna Equestris     2505
Aedes Herculis Musarum     2506
Aedes Jani     2507
Aedes Jovis     2508
Aedes Jovis Licaonij     2509
Aedes Jun. Sospitae     2511
Aedes Junonis     2512
Aedes Minervae     2513
Aedes Neptuni     2514
Aedes Spei     2515
Aedes Spei     2516
Aedes Veneris     2517
Aedes Vulcani (Equiria)     2518
Aedes Vulcani (Circus Flaminius)     2519

aedicula : a small building intended for a dwelling for gods, a chapel, a small temple
Aedicula Capraria     2521
Aedicula Intercourse     2522 2522a
Aedicula Isidis     2523

Aenobarbus : a family name of the Domitian gens

aerial perspectives     2524

Aesculapij cum signa Atrium     252a

Aesculapius : according to fable, the son of Apollo and the nymph Coronis, diefied after his death on account of his knowledge of medicine. He had a temple in Rome on the island in the Tiber. The principle seat of his worship in Greece was Epidaurus. In his temple there was a magnificent statue of ivory and gold, the work of Thrasymedes, in which he was represented as a noble figure, resembling that of Zeus. He was seated on a throne, holding in one hand a staff, and with the other resting on the head of a dragon (serpent), and by his side lay a dog. Serpents, probably as symbols of prudence and renovation, where everywhere connected with his worship.

Agonalia : a festival in honor of Janus celebrated in Rome on the 9th of January and the 21st of May

Agrippa : a Roman family name, Vipsanius Agrippa, the son-in-law of Augustus, husband of Julia, and father of Agrippina

Agrippina : the name of several Roman women. The wife of the emperor Tiberius, granddaughter of Atticus. A daughter of Vipsanius Agrippa and Julia, granddaughter of Augustus, wife of Germanicus, and mother of the emperor Caligula. Daughter of the perceeding and Germanicus, wife of Cn. Domitius Aenobarbus, and mother of the emperor Nero.

Aitken, R. James     2525 2525a

Alexander Severus a Roman emperor, AD 222-235     2526

Allen, Stanley     2527 2527a 2527b 2527c 2527d 2527e 2527f 2527g 2527h

alveus : a hallow, a bathing-tub

ambulationes : a walk, a place for walking, a promenade
ambulationes inter platanos     2528
Ambulationes Neronianae     2529

amnis : any broad and deep flowing, rapid water; a stream, torrent, river

amphitheatrum : an amphitheater, a circular or oval building in which each successive seat, raised above the last, furnished an unobstructed view. From its shape, it was sometimes called circus. In Rome it was used for public spectacles: for combats of wild beasts and of ships. but most frequently for gladitorial shows. It was at first built of wood, but afterwards of stone, and with great splendor. The largest one, designed by Augustus, but began by Vespasian and finished by Titus, was called the Amphitheatrum Florium, or, since the time of Bede, the Colosseum or Colisoeum, perhaps from the Colossus of Nero, which stood close by. This is said to have held eighty seven thousand spectators.
Amphitheatrum Statilii Tauri     2531

Anteros : an avenger of slighted love

Antoninus : Antonine, the name of several Roman emperors; among whom the most distinguished were Antoninus Pius and M. Aurelius Antoninus Philosophus
Antoninus Caracalla : the emperor Antoninus Caracalla

Antonius : name of a Roman gens. M. Antonius, Marc Antony, a distinguished triumver, conquered by Octavianus at Actium, a mortal enemy of Cicero
Antonius Musa : a physician in ordinary of Augustus

Anubis : an Egyptian diety which was represented with the head of a dog, tutelary diety of the chase

Apollinaris : belonging or sacred to Apollo, of Apollo. Ludi Apollonares, the games celebrated in honor of Apollo, annually on the 5th of July

Apollinis Templ. (Circus Flaminius)     2532

Apollo : Apollo, the son of Jupiter and Latona, twin brother of Diana, and god of the sun. On account of his omnicience, god of divination; on account of his lightnings, god of archery (hence represented with quiver and dart), and of the pestilence caused by heat; but his priests were the first physicians, also god of the healing art; and since he communicated oracles in verse, god of poetry and music, persiding over the Muses, etc.

apparatorium : a place for preparation

Aquć Alexandrina     2533
Aquć Alsietinae     2534
Aquć Appia     2535
Aquć Claudić     2536
Aquć Marcia     2537
Aquć Virgineus     2538

ara : an altar
Ara Bacchi     2539
Ara Martis     2540
Ara Neptuni     2541
Arae duodecim Jano dicatae     2542

archćology     2543 2543a

architecture, Roman     2544

arcus : a bow or arch in building, a vault, arch, triumphal arch
Arcus Antonini Pii     2545
Arcus Divi Claudii     2546
Arcus Gordiani     2547
Arcus Gratiani, Valentiniani et Theodosii     2548
Arcus M. Aurelij     2549
Arcus Novus     2551
Arcus Pomp. Magn.     2552
Arcus Tiberij     2553
Arcus Trajani     2554
Arcus Veri et Marci     2555

area : a piece of level ground, a vacant place; a vacant space around or in a house, a court; an open space for games, an open play-ground
Area     255a
Area Apollinis     2556
Area Martis     2557 2557a
Area Septimiana     2558

argentaria     2559

ascensus : a place by which one ascends, an approach, an ascent
Ascensus a Campo ad Quirinadem     2560

Athenaeum     2561

atriolum : a small hall, an antechamber

atrium : (the atrium of the Romans was always covered) the fore-court, hall, entrance-room, entry; that part of the Roman house into which one first came after passing the entrance. In earlier times the atrium was used as a dining-room. Here stood opposite the door, the lectus genialis; here sat the housewife with here maidens spinning; here clients were in attendance; and here hung the family portraits, and other paintings. In temples and other public buildings there was often an atrium, a hall, court
Atrium Minervae     2562

Augustus     2563

augur : an augur, diviner, soothsayer; at Rome, a member of a particular college of priests, much reverenced in earlier ages, who made known the future by observing the lightening, the flight or notes of birds, the feeding of the sacred fowls, certain appearances of quadrupeds, and any unusual occurrances

aula : a palace, the castle of a noble, the royal court
Aula Regia     2564

axes     2565
axis of death     2566 2566a
axis of life     2567 2567a
axis of love     2568
axis of war     2569

Bacchus : son of Jupiter and a Theban woman, Semele (since, as Semele died before his birth, he was carried about by Jupiter in his hip until the time of his maturity); the god of wine as intoxicating and inspiring, he is god of poets, especially of the highly inspired

Balbus, Balbi : a Roman cognomen

ballista : a large military engine, resembling a bow, stretched with cords and thongs, by which masses of stone and other missles were thrown to a great distance; a machine for projectiles, the ballista
ballistarium : the place where the ballista is worked : 2571

Balineae Venales     2572
balneum : a bath, a place for bathing
Balnea Neronis     2573
Balnea Stephani     2574
Balnea Veneris     2575

basilica : a public building in the forum with double colonnades, which was used for both judicial tribunals and as an exchange; a basilica, potico (in the year of Rome 542 there were no such porticos there, Liv. 26,27,3, the first known was built by Cato in the year 568, and called Basilica Porcia; the most considerable basilicae in the Augustan age were the Porcia, Opimia, Julia; the latter built by Julius Caesar in the third year of his dictatorship, was the chief seat of judicial proceedings); the porticus Caii et Lucii is mentioned in Suetonius' Augustus 31.
Basilica (via Flaminia)     257a
Basilica Antoniniani     2576
Basilica Caij et Lucij     2577
Basilica Marcianae     2578
Basilica Matidiae     2579
Basilica Neptuni     2581

beginning and end     2582

Bellona : the goddess of war, sister of Mars, whose temple, built by Appius Claudius Caesus in the ninth district of the city, was situated not far from the Circus Maximus [probably should be Circus Flaminius] -- a place of assemblage for the Senate for proceedings with persons who were not allowed entrance into the city. Her priests, Bellonarii, and priestesse were accustomed, in their mystic festivals,especially on the 20th of March, (hence dies sanguines), to gash their arms and shoulders with knives, and thus to offer their blood.

Benjamin Franklin Parkway     2583 2583a

bibliography     2584

bibliotheca     2585

Bloomer, Jennifer     2586

bustum : the place where the bodies of the dead were burned and buried; the place of burning and buring; the funeral-pyre after the burning of the body
Bustum Caesaris Augusti     2588 2588a
Bustum Hadriani     2589 2589a 2589b 2589c 2589d

Bufalini, Leonardo     2590

buxetum : a plantation of boxwoods

Caesar : a cognomen of the gens Julia. Of these the most celebrated, C. Julius Caesar, distinguished as general, orator, statesman, and author, was assasinated by Brutus and Cassius, B.C. 44. After him all the emperors bore the name Caesar, with the title Augustus, until, under Hadrian, this difference arose: Augustus designated the ruling emperor; Caesar, the heir to the throne, the crown-prince, etc.

campus : of any open, level land, without reference to cultivation or use, an even, flat place, a plain, field
Campus Agrippae     2591
Campus Jovis     2592
Campus Martius     2593
Campus Sceleratus     2594

capitolium : the Capitol, i. e., the splendid temple of Jupiter on the mons Saturnius or Tarpeius, opposite the Arx, built by the Tarquinii; afterward, the whole hill with its temple and citadel, now Campidoglio
Capitolium Vetus     2595

carcer : a prison, jail
Carcer Cl. X. Vir.     2596
Carcer Nobil. Damnator     2597

cardo     2598

Castra Gentiana     2599

Castor : the son of the Spartan king Tyndarus and Leda, brother of Helena and Pollux, with whom as twin star Gemini he served as a guide to mariners

castrum, castra: any fortified place, a castle, fort, fortress

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