Bernardo Buontalenti
architect, sculptor, painter, landscape architect, miniaturist; b. 1536; d. June 6, 1608.
A pupil of Vasari and of Giulio Clovio, the miniaturist. For the dukes Francesco I (b. 1541; d. 1587) and Ferdinande I (b. 1551; d. 1609) de' Medici he designed the villas of Pratolino, Artiminio, Marignolle, and Magia, near Florence. He built the additions to the Palazzo Vecchio, Florence, on the Via dei Leoni, the Tribuna of the Uffizi, and the gallery connecting the Uffizi with the Pitti palace. He continued the arrangement of the Boboli Gardens, begun by Tribolo, and built the grotto and other architectural adornments there. Buontalenti fortified Porto Ferraio, Livorno, and Grosseto. The Palazzo Reale, in Siena, and the Palazzo Nonfinisto, in Florence, are attributed to him.




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