Abraham Bosse
painter, architect, engraver and etcher; b. 1611, (at Tours, France); d. February 14, 1678.
Bosse was a pupil of the mathematician Desargues. At the formation of the Académie Royale de Peinture in 1648, he was made professor of geometry and perspective. As engraver he was especially interested in the representation of manners and customs. He published many works on architectural subjects: Manière Universelle de Desargues pour la Perspective Pratique, Paris, 1698, 8vo; Moyen de pratiquer la Perspective sur les Tableaux et Surfaces irrequliers, Paris, 1653, 8vo; Manière de dessiner les Ordres d'Architecture, Paris, 1664, folio; Leçons de Géométrie et de Perspective, faites à l'Académie, Paris, 1665, 8vo.

Jacob van Campen
architect; d. September 13, 1657.
The architect Jacob van Campen appears to have been a different person from the painter of the same name. He was born near the end of the sixteenth century at Amersfoot, in Holland, and probably studied in Italy. With Daniel Stalpert he designed and built the town hall at Amsterdam, begun in 1648, finished in 1655. A monograph describing the work was published by Van Campen: Afbeelding van't Stadthuys van Amsterdam (Amsterdam, 1661, folio). He built the monuments to the Admirals van Galen and Tromp and numerous residences in Holland.

Charles Lebrun
painter and architect; b. February 24, 1619; d. February 12, 1690.
In 1648 he founded, with the assistance of the Chancellor Seguier, and under the auspices of Cardinal Mazarin, the Académie royale de peinture et de sculpture, of which he was director until 1683. In 1660 he was made director of the manufacture of tapestries for the Gobelins by Colbert. In 1666, under the patronage of Louis XIV, he established the Académie de France in Rome. As premier peintre to Louis XIV, Lebrun exercised almost absolute power over the artistic undertakings of that monarch. He was, above all, a decorator. He designed and decorated the Gallery of Apollo at the Louvre, which, however, was not completed until 1848-51 (see Duban). At Versailles he decorated the Grande Galerie, the Salon de la Paix, the Salon de la Guerre, and the great stairway. He was also employed at the château of Marly.

Simon de la Vallée
He was called to Sweden by Queen Christina. At Stockholm he built the palace of the nobility (begun 1648), the church of S. Marie, S. Catherine, etc.




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