1 April

1470 birth of Andrea Briosco
1477 Giuliano da Maiano was elected capomaestro of the cathedral of Florence
1488 Michelangelo apprenticed to the painters Domenico and David Ghirlandaio for three years

Exhibit One
1983.04.01     c0513

aesthetics of war design
1999.04.01 13:06     4500b 4600b
1999.04.01 21:32     3749b
1999.04.01 22:37     4500b

a recollection of the day's events.1     8236 8245 8269 8272
a recollection of the day's events.2
a recollection of the day's events.3     82/0395
a recollection of the day's events.4     82/0338
a recollection of the day's events.5
a recollection of the day's events.6
1999.04.01

The Life of Pope Silvester
This centuries old text on the life of St. Silvester, selected from the Liber Pontificalis, for the most part contains one of the only records that describes ancient Rome's first Christian basilicas as erected during the reign of Constantine the Great, and most likely designed under the architectural supervision of Constantine's mother, the Empress Helena, otherwise known as St. Helena.
2000.04.01     8285

Re: crossology
2004.04.01 12:47     2630 2737 2741 2862 2887 299b 4500h 7601v

Origin of Ignudi
2004.04.01 17:11     5021

how should someone feel after visiting a museum?
2005.04.01 14:55     3705k 3730h 3749h 3770j 7801c

Complex Iconography and Contradictory Content in Architecture
2006.04.01 10:08     4500k

Why does much 'avant-garde' design these days look straight out of the Sixties?
2006.04.01 10:19     3749k
2006.04.01 11:30     3705l 3749k 4500k 7800w
2006.04.01 14:24     3728h 3749k 3900k 4500k
2006.04.01 17:12     3749k 4500k
2006.04.01 17:37     2165 2309

Dwell Magazine: A Slow Commercialised Descent? Has it stoped being a "Nice Modernist?"
2006.04.01 13:35     7802d

infrastructure architecture
2009.04.01     3900m

1 April
2013.04.01 21:41     3302p 4300j mp6603v

2004.04.01 12:47
Re: "crossology"
1 April 1999 is when I first learned of St. Helena as the mother of Constantine and of her activity as builder of highly significant/original Christian basilicas. Five years ago it was Holy Thursday, and ten years ago 1 April was Good Friday, when a close friend died right in the middle of the afternoon.
"Calendrical Coincidence"
Interesting how this stuff happened in Philadelphia, where Broad St. and Market St. manifest the largest cardo and decumanus in the world--a planned and then 'concrete' crossing of two main urban street.
Initially, it was data, actually the absence of data within Piranesi's Ichnographia Campus Martius that led me to look for the 'architect' of Rome's Constantinian Basilicas, buildings which should be present within the Ichnographia, but are not--Rome's pagan edifices are present, but not the (contemporaneous) Christian ones.
Much of my focus over the last five years has concentrated on the time between 28 October 312 (when Constantine 'converted' from leading his troops into battle under a pagan guise/symbol to leading his troops into battle under a Christian guise/symbol) to sometime late 328/early 329 (when, I believe, Eutropia died). This period in time is when Christian church building was, as we say now, 'booming' throughout the Roman Empire for the first time, and it was Helena and Eutropia that were mostly responsible for all this (architectural) activity. From the very start, it has intrigued me that women, and not men, played this important historical role--and not just any women, but 'twin basilissas'.
Not too long ago, countable days actually, I first learned of Melania the Younger, and how her (enormously expensive) family estate just outside the walls of Rome at the Salarian Gate, was one of the great properties (along with the Gardens of Sallust) that were plundered when Alaric and his Visigoths broke into (at the Salarian Gate) and sacked Rome for the first time. The Visigoths initially camped for many months outside the walls of Rome (near the Salarian Gate) thereby starving the city by disrupting all deliveries of grain from Africa to the city. The Salarian Gate, the Gardens of Sallust, and the Gardens Valeriani (Melania's inheritance) are all delineated within Piranesi's Ichnographia Campus Martius right where they are supposed to be. Interesting, right next to this complex of buildings/structures, Piranesi also delineates a Porticus Neronianae, a completely fictitious building in the shape of a large cross within a circle (a composition, coincidentally, that follows the circle/square juncture pattern similar to the Timepiece gauge of the theory of chronosomatics). Within a day of assimilating all this new data, I came to see how the inner circle of the Porticus Neronianiae matches the circle of the compass/north arrow that Piranesi also delineated within the Ichnographia, and I came to see how if you rotate the cross of the Porticus Neronianae 45 degrees, its four points then correspond exactly to the four cardinal points of global direction. The Porticus Neronianae of Piranesi's Ichnographia Campus Martius is the X that marks the spot where the first attacking Visigoths camped. [There are even more 'symbols' to interpret here, like 'shifting winds' and Nero as anti-Christ precursor, but more on that latter.]


Aula Palatina, Trier, c.306 AD.


2009.04.01
infrastructure architecture
"Philadelphia, the city within which I continue to live and work, was at that time also going through a infrastructural transition, particularly with regard to the beginning of the long awaited implementation of the planned cross-town Vine Street Expressway and it connection to Interstate 95. The new super-road, which is half sunken and half raised in the air, comprises massive retaining walls and great elevated ramps. For me, these enormous structures embodied a new urban monumentality, although I doubt many others shared the same impression.
There were indications, however, that I was not totally alone in my appreciation of "highway architecture" and its potential of holding a positive position within contemporary urban design."
Can one legitimately call Le Corbusier's Palais des Congrès, Stirling's Wallraf-Richartz Museum, and OMA's Library for Jussieu infrastructural architecture?



1999.04.01 13:06
aesthetics of war design
What I realized while viewing through some of the [destruction] images is that I could take pictures walking around my own neighborhood of Olney in urban Philadelphia, USA, and they would be very similar to those of Kosovo today. Of course, what's going on in Kosovo now is extremely upsetting, but what's equally upsetting is that destruction is not just going on there but in many, many places on this planet.
Perhaps the aesthetic of war design is more prevalent than we most times realize.


1999.04.01 21:32
aesthetics of war design
...or, if you take an inverted view, maybe it's all just a (theoretical) war of (philosophical) ruins...


1999.04.01 21:37
aesthetics of war design
...discovering that the first master architect of Christianity was a woman.

2005.04.01 10:55
Quest for architect baby - Frank Lloyd-Wrightenstein!
Not too ironic though when you consider all the Wright, Mies, Corbusier, etc. clone architecture all over the global environment.
Church inseminated synagogue procreates mosque?


2005.04.01 14:55
how should someone feel after visiting a museum?
If it's an exceptional avant-garde museum, then according to design appropriateness, and even according to 'sustainable design' standards, the visitor should feel sucked in, confused, inadequate and, of course, an aftershock of wanting more.

2006.04.01 10:08
Complex Iconography and Contradictory Content in Architecture
It's strange to think that the double basilica of Augusta Treverorum [Trier] (circa 326-8 AD) was the first Christian basilica of northern Europe, and for many years the largest Christian church of northern Europe as well. Little remains of the original double basilica, but two large churches are still there side by side today.
My theory as to why there were two joined basilicas, to begin with, is that they were designed to accommodate the distinct Latin and Greek populations of Augusta Treverorum. I also theorize the double basilica of Augusta Treverorum as the primogenitor of the Romanesque. Eutropia was the 'architect'.
While the Shroud of Turin is well known, the Holy Coat of Trier is much lesser known. Perhaps you know the movie The Robe, however. "The Trier tradition affirms that this relic was sent to that city by the Empress St. Helena." If this tradition is true, Helena was already dead when the Holy Coat was brought to Augusta Treverorum. It was Eutropia who executed the translation of the relic.
The head of Helena, empress and saint, is also in one the double churches at Trier.
Did Eutropia ultimately die at Augusta Treverorum? Albeit a Syrian, as a western Roman Empress herself, she certainly was no stranger to the city. It is at least known that Constantine was at Augusta Treverorum 27 September 328 and 29 December 328 while on a campaign on the Rhine. Coincidentally, the end of 328 and the beginning of 329 is exactly when coins depicting Helena Augusta stopped being issued. It has long been my contention that the Helena coins ceased once Eutropia had died.
How come architecture historians have yet to make the very direct connection between Constantine's throne hall at Augusta Treverorum (306 AD) and the first Christian basilica of Rome (312 AD)? Perhaps it is only obvious to Eutropia, Helena and Constantine and those who know them as to where the "basilican" form of the Early Christian Architecture actually came from.

2006.04.01 10:19
Why does much 'avant-garde' design these days look straight out of the Sixties?
And familiarity and associations are based on memories, either empirical or received via education, and memories are nothing if not reenactments. Add to that that architects are for the most part conservative, and radical only rarely.


2006.04.01 11:30
Why does much 'avant-garde' design these days look straight out of the Sixties?
I like the question, "What would radical be exactly?" because it's kind of indicative of how rare radicalism in architecture really is...
radical
2.Departing markedly from the usual or customary; extreme
3. Favoring or effecting fundamental or revolutionary changes in current practices, conditions, or institutions


2006.04.01 14:24
Why does much 'avant-garde' design these days look straight out of the Sixties?
...I was reminded of being in a local 1960s Roman Catholic church for the first time a few years ago. I was actually quite surprised by it's "radical-ness". I mean, it was the first time I've ever seen a completely black altar in my life. There was indeed something radical about a lot of 60s and 70s architecture.


2006.04.01 17:12
Why does much 'avant-garde' design these days look straight out of the Sixties?
A couple of years ago I specifically looked through the Progressive Architecture design awards from the late 1960s. I wanted to see what Gordon Matta-Clark probably saw himself when he was (still) in architecture school at Cornell. I was very much surprised because a lot of the top prizes were buildings that are now "in history", but not all of them. I'm not sure how this relates to the topic here, but what I saw wasn't exactly what I expected. I guess I'm trying to say that history gets more interesting when it's contextually specific. Is radical retro an option? Extreme Makeover Retro?

13040101 New Not There City Las Vegas scan
13040102 New Not There City Eutropia
13040103 New Not There City Chandigarh


15040101   Analogous Building early plans   3392ui09



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